006.Kubernetes二进制部署ETCD

一 部署ETCD集群

1.1 安装ETCD

etcd 是基于 Raft 的分布式 key-value 存储系统,由 CoreOS 开发,常用于服务发现、共享配置以及并发控制(如 leader 选举、分布式锁等)。kubernetes 使用 etcd 存储所有运行数据。
  1 etcd 是基于 Raft 的分布式 key-value 存储系统,由 CoreOS 开发,常用于服务发现、共享配置以及并发控制(如 leader 选举、分布式锁等)。kubernetes 使用 etcd 存储所有运行数据。
  2 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# wget https://github.com/coreos/etcd/releases/download/v3.3.13/etcd-v3.3.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz
  4 [root@k8smaster01 work]# tar -xvf etcd-v3.3.13-linux-amd64.tar.gz

1.2 分发ETCD

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     scp etcd-v3.3.13-linux-amd64/etcd* root@${master_ip}:/opt/k8s/bin
  7     ssh root@${master_ip} "chmod +x /opt/k8s/bin/*"
  8   done

1.3 创建etcd证书和密钥

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cat > etcd-csr.json <<EOF
  3 {
  4     "CN": "etcd",
  5     "hosts": [
  6     "127.0.0.1",
  7     "172.24.8.71",
  8     "172.24.8.72",
  9     "172.24.8.73"
 10   ],
 11     "key": {
 12         "algo": "rsa",
 13         "size": 2048
 14     },
 15     "names": [
 16         {
 17             "C": "CN",
 18             "ST": "Shanghai",
 19             "L": "Shanghai",
 20             "O": "k8s",
 21             "OU": "System"
 22         }
 23     ]
 24 }
 25 EOF
 26 #创建etcd的CA证书请求文件
解释:
hosts 字段指定授权使用该证书的 etcd 节点 IP 或域名列表,需要将 etcd 集群的三个节点 IP 都列在其中。
  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/k8s/work/ca.pem \
  3 -ca-key=/opt/k8s/work/ca-key.pem -config=/opt/k8s/work/ca-config.json \
  4 -profile=kubernetes etcd-csr.json | cfssljson -bare etcd	#生成CA密钥(ca-key.pem)和证书(ca.pem)

1.4 分发证书和私钥

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     ssh root@${master_ip} "mkdir -p /etc/etcd/cert"
  7     scp etcd*.pem root@${master_ip}:/etc/etcd/cert/
  8   done

1.5 创建etcd的systemd

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cat > etcd.service.template <<EOF
  4 [Unit]
  5 Description=Etcd Server
  6 After=network.target
  7 After=network-online.target
  8 Wants=network-online.target
  9 Documentation=https://github.com/coreos
 10 
 11 [Service]
 12 Type=notify
 13 WorkingDirectory=${ETCD_DATA_DIR}
 14 ExecStart=/opt/k8s/bin/etcd \\
 15   --data-dir=${ETCD_DATA_DIR} \\
 16   --wal-dir=${ETCD_WAL_DIR} \\
 17   --name=##MASTER_NAME## \\
 18   --cert-file=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd.pem \\
 19   --key-file=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd-key.pem \\
 20   --trusted-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 21   --peer-cert-file=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd.pem \\
 22   --peer-key-file=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd-key.pem \\
 23   --peer-trusted-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 24   --peer-client-cert-auth \\
 25   --client-cert-auth \\
 26   --listen-peer-urls=https://##MASTER_IP##:2380 \\
 27   --initial-advertise-peer-urls=https://##MASTER_IP##:2380 \\
 28   --listen-client-urls=https://##MASTER_IP##:2379,http://127.0.0.1:2379 \\
 29   --advertise-client-urls=https://##MASTER_IP##:2379 \\
 30   --initial-cluster-token=etcd-cluster-0 \\
 31   --initial-cluster=${ETCD_NODES} \\
 32   --initial-cluster-state=new \\
 33   --auto-compaction-mode=periodic \\
 34   --auto-compaction-retention=1 \\
 35   --max-request-bytes=33554432 \\
 36   --quota-backend-bytes=6442450944 \\
 37   --heartbeat-interval=250 \\
 38   --election-timeout=2000
 39 Restart=on-failure
 40 RestartSec=5
 41 LimitNOFILE=65536
 42 
 43 [Install]
 44 WantedBy=multi-user.target
 45 EOF
解释:
WorkingDirectory、--data-dir:指定工作目录和数据目录为 ${ETCD_DATA_DIR},需在启动服务前创建这个目录;
--wal-dir:指定 wal 目录,为了提高性能,一般使用 SSD 或者和 --data-dir 不同的磁盘;
--name:指定节点名称,当 --initial-cluster-state 值为 new 时,--name 的参数值必须位于 --initial-cluster 列表中;
--cert-file、--key-file:etcd server 与 client 通信时使用的证书和私钥;
--trusted-ca-file:签名 client 证书的 CA 证书,用于验证 client 证书;
--peer-cert-file、--peer-key-file:etcd 与 peer 通信使用的证书和私钥;
--peer-trusted-ca-file:签名 peer 证书的 CA 证书,用于验证 peer 证书。

1.6 修改systemd相应地址

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for (( i=0; i < 3; i++ ))
  4   do
  5     sed -e "s/##MASTER_NAME##/${MASTER_NAMES[i]}/" -e "s/##MASTER_IP##/${MASTER_IPS[i]}/" etcd.service.template > etcd-${MASTER_IPS[i]}.service
  6   done

1.7 分发etcd systemd

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     scp etcd-${master_ip}.service root@${master_ip}:/etc/systemd/system/etcd.service
  7   done

二 启动并验证

2.1 启动ETCD

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     ssh root@${master_ip} "mkdir -p ${ETCD_DATA_DIR} ${ETCD_WAL_DIR}"
  7     ssh root@${master_ip} "systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable etcd && systemctl restart etcd " &
  8   done

2.2 检查ETCD启动

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     ssh root@${master_ip} "systemctl status etcd|grep Active"
  7   done

2.3 验证服务状态

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     ETCDCTL_API=3 /opt/k8s/bin/etcdctl \
  7     --endpoints=https://${master_ip}:2379 \
  8     --cacert=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \
  9     --cert=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd.pem \
 10     --key=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd-key.pem endpoint health
 11   done
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2.4 查看ETCD当前leader

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  2 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# ETCDCTL_API=3 /opt/k8s/bin/etcdctl \
  3   -w table --cacert=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \
  4   --cert=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd.pem \
  5   --key=/etc/etcd/cert/etcd-key.pem \
  6   --endpoints=${ETCD_ENDPOINTS} endpoint status
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如上所示,当前ETCD集群的leader为172.24.8.71。

006.Kubernetes二进制部署ETCD

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