010.Kubernetes二进制部署kube

一 部署高可用kube-controller-manager

1.1 高可用kube-controller-manager介绍

本实验部署一个三实例 kube-controller-manager 的集群,启动后将通过竞争选举机制产生一个 leader 节点,其它节点为阻塞状态。当 leader 节点不可用时,阻塞的节点将再次进行选举产生新的 leader 节点,从而保证服务的可用性。
为保证通信安全,本文档先生成 x509 证书和私钥,kube-controller-manager 在如下两种情况下使用该证书:
  • 与 kube-apiserver 的安全端口通信;
  • 在安全端口(https,10252) 输出 prometheus 格式的 metrics。

1.2 创建kube-controller-manager证书和私钥

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cat > kube-controller-manager-csr.json <<EOF
  3 {
  4   "CN": "system:kube-controller-manager",
  5   "hosts": [
  6     "127.0.0.1",
  7     "172.24.8.71",
  8     "172.24.8.72",
  9     "172.24.8.73"
 10   ],
 11   "key": {
 12     "algo": "rsa",
 13     "size": 2048
 14   },
 15   "names": [
 16     {
 17       "C": "CN",
 18       "ST": "Shanghai",
 19       "L": "Shanghai",
 20       "O": "system:kube-controller-manager",
 21       "OU": "System"
 22     }
 23   ]
 24 }
 25 EOF
 26 #创建kube-controller-manager的CA证书请求文件
解释:
hosts 列表包含所有 kube-controller-manager 节点 IP;
CN 和 O 均为 system:kube-controller-manager,kubernetes 内置的 ClusterRoleBindings system:kube-controller-manager 赋予 kube-controller-manager 工作所需的权限。

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cfssl gencert -ca=/opt/k8s/work/ca.pem \
  3 -ca-key=/opt/k8s/work/ca-key.pem -config=/opt/k8s/work/ca-config.json \
  4 -profile=kubernetes kube-controller-manager-csr.json | cfssljson -bare kube-controller-manager	#生成CA密钥(ca-key.pem)和证书(ca.pem)

1.3 分发证书和私钥

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     scp kube-controller-manager*.pem root@${master_ip}:/etc/kubernetes/cert/
  7   done

1.4 创建和分发kubeconfig

kube-controller-manager 使用 kubeconfig 文件访问 apiserver,该文件提供了 apiserver 地址、嵌入的 CA 证书和 kube-controller-manager 证书:
  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# kubectl config set-cluster kubernetes \
  4   --certificate-authority=/opt/k8s/work/ca.pem \
  5   --embed-certs=true \
  6   --server=${KUBE_APISERVER} \
  7   --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig
  8 
  9 [root@k8smaster01 work]# kubectl config set-credentials system:kube-controller-manager \
 10   --client-certificate=kube-controller-manager.pem \
 11   --client-key=kube-controller-manager-key.pem \
 12   --embed-certs=true \
 13   --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig
 14 
 15 [root@k8smaster01 work]# kubectl config set-context system:kube-controller-manager \
 16   --cluster=kubernetes \
 17   --user=system:kube-controller-manager \
 18   --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig
 19 
 20 [root@k8smaster01 work]# kubectl config use-context system:kube-controller-manager --kubeconfig=kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig
 21 
 22 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
 23 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
 24 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
 25   do
 26     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
 27     scp kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig root@${master_ip}:/etc/kubernetes/
 28   done

1.5 创建kube-controller-manager的systemd

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# cat > kube-controller-manager.service.template <<EOF
  4 [Unit]
  5 Description=Kubernetes Controller Manager
  6 Documentation=https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes
  7 
  8 [Service]
  9 WorkingDirectory=${K8S_DIR}/kube-controller-manager
 10 ExecStart=/opt/k8s/bin/kube-controller-manager \\
 11   --profiling \\
 12   --cluster-name=kubernetes \\
 13   --controllers=*,bootstrapsigner,tokencleaner \\
 14   --kube-api-qps=1000 \\
 15   --kube-api-burst=2000 \\
 16   --leader-elect \\
 17   --use-service-account-credentials\\
 18   --concurrent-service-syncs=2 \\
 19   --bind-address=##MASTER_IP## \\
 20   --secure-port=10252 \\
 21   --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/kube-controller-manager.pem \\
 22   --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/kube-controller-manager-key.pem \\
 23   --port=0 \\
 24   --authentication-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig \\
 25   --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 26   --requestheader-allowed-names="" \\
 27   --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 28   --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix="X-Remote-Extra-" \\
 29   --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group \\
 30   --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User \\
 31   --authorization-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig \\
 32   --cluster-signing-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 33   --cluster-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca-key.pem \\
 34   --experimental-cluster-signing-duration=8760h \\
 35   --horizontal-pod-autoscaler-sync-period=10s \\
 36   --concurrent-deployment-syncs=10 \\
 37   --concurrent-gc-syncs=30 \\
 38   --node-cidr-mask-size=24 \\
 39   --service-cluster-ip-range=${SERVICE_CIDR} \\
 40   --pod-eviction-timeout=6m \\
 41   --terminated-pod-gc-threshold=10000 \\
 42   --root-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca.pem \\
 43   --service-account-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/cert/ca-key.pem \\
 44   --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kube-controller-manager.kubeconfig \\
 45   --logtostderr=true \\
 46   --v=2
 47 Restart=on-failure
 48 RestartSec=5
 49 
 50 [Install]
 51 WantedBy=multi-user.target
 52 EOF

1.6 分发systemd

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for (( i=0; i < 3; i++ ))
  4   do
  5     sed -e "s/##MASTER_NAME##/${MASTER_NAMES[i]}/" -e "s/##MASTER_IP##/${MASTER_IPS[i]}/" kube-controller-manager.service.template > kube-controller-manager-${MASTER_IPS[i]}.service
  6   done						#修正相应IP
  7 [root@k8smaster01 work]# ls kube-controller-manager*.service
  8 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  9 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
 10 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
 11   do
 12     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
 13     scp kube-controller-manager-${master_ip}.service root@${master_ip}:/etc/systemd/system/kube-controller-manager.service
 14   done						#分发system

二 启动并验证

2.1 启动kube-controller-manager 服务

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# cd /opt/k8s/work
  2 [root@k8smaster01 work]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  3 [root@k8smaster01 work]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  4   do
  5     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  6     ssh root@${master_ip} "mkdir -p ${K8S_DIR}/kube-controller-manager"
  7     ssh root@${master_ip} "systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable kube-controller-manager && systemctl restart kube-controller-manager"
  8   done

2.2 检查kube-controller-manager 服务

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# source /opt/k8s/bin/environment.sh
  2 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# for master_ip in ${MASTER_IPS[@]}
  3   do
  4     echo ">>> ${master_ip}"
  5     ssh root@${master_ip} "systemctl status kube-controller-manager|grep Active"
  6   done
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2.3 查看输出的 metrics

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# curl -s --cacert /opt/k8s/work/ca.pem --cert /opt/k8s/work/admin.pem --key /opt/k8s/work/admin-key.pem https://172.24.8.71:10252/metrics |head
注意:以上命令在 kube-controller-manager 节点上执行。

2.4 查看权限

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# kubectl describe clusterrole system:kube-controller-manager
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ClusteRole system:kube-controller-manager 的权限很小,只能创建 secret、serviceaccount 等资源对象,各 controller 的权限分散到 ClusterRole system:controller:XXX 中。
当在 kube-controller-manager 的启动参数中添加 --use-service-account-credentials=true 参数,这样 main controller 会为各 controller 创建对应的 ServiceAccount XXX-controller。内置的 ClusterRoleBinding system:controller:XXX 将赋予各 XXX-controller ServiceAccount 对应的 ClusterRole system:controller:XXX 权限。
  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# kubectl get clusterrole|grep controller
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如deployment controller:
  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# kubectl describe clusterrole system:controller:deployment-controller
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2.5 查看当前leader

  1 [root@k8smaster01 ~]# kubectl get endpoints kube-controller-manager --namespace=kube-system  -o yaml
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kubelet 认证和授权:https://kubernetes.io/docs/admin/kubelet-authentication-authorization/#kubelet-authorization

010.Kubernetes二进制部署kube

全文结束