6. abp中的拦截器

abp拦截器基本定义

拦截器接口定义:

public interface IAbpInterceptor
{
    void Intercept(IAbpMethodInvocation invocation);

    Task InterceptAsync(IAbpMethodInvocation invocation);
}

默认抽象类定义:

public abstract class AbpInterceptor : IAbpInterceptor
{
	public abstract void Intercept(IAbpMethodInvocation invocation);

	public virtual Task InterceptAsync(IAbpMethodInvocation invocation)
	{
		Intercept(invocation);
		return Task.CompletedTask;
	}
}

abp的拦截器实现是基于Autofac.Extras.DynamicProxy,这个包依赖两个组件:Autofac、Castle.Core(实质上是调用内部组件DynamicProxy实现动态代理)。关于此组件的资料参考

.NET 通过 Autofac 和 DynamicProxy 实现AOP

Type Interceptors

Abp拦截器的设计轨迹

此类的作用就是将aspnetcore默认的DI服务容器(ServiceCollection)替换为Autofac。

public static IServiceProvider BuildServiceProviderFromFactory<TContainerBuilder>([NotNull] this IServiceCollection services, Action<TContainerBuilder> builderAction = null)
{
    Check.NotNull(services, nameof(services));

    var serviceProviderFactory = services.GetSingletonInstanceOrNull<IServiceProviderFactory<TContainerBuilder>>();
    if (serviceProviderFactory == null)
    {
	    throw new AbpException($"Could not find {typeof(IServiceProviderFactory<TContainerBuilder>).FullName} in {services}.");
    }

    var builder = serviceProviderFactory.CreateBuilder(services);
    builderAction?.Invoke(builder);
    return serviceProviderFactory.CreateServiceProvider(builder);
}

CreateBuilder函数源码:

/// <summary>
/// Creates a container builder from an <see cref="T:Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.IServiceCollection" />.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="services">The collection of services</param>
/// <returns>A container builder that can be used to create an <see cref="T:System.IServiceProvider" />.</returns>
public ContainerBuilder CreateBuilder(IServiceCollection services)
{
    _services = services;
    
    _builder.Populate(services);
    
    return _builder;
}

Populate函数源码:

public static void Populate(
        this ContainerBuilder builder,
        IServiceCollection services)
{
    builder.RegisterType<AutofacServiceProvider>().As<IServiceProvider>();
    builder.RegisterType<AutofacServiceScopeFactory>().As<IServiceScopeFactory>();

    Register(builder, services);
}

Register函数:

/// 注册拦截器
private static void Register(
        ContainerBuilder builder,
        IServiceCollection services)
{
    var moduleContainer = services.GetSingletonInstance<IModuleContainer>();
    var registrationActionList = services.GetRegistrationActionList();

    // 遍历DI服务容器中的服务
    foreach (var service in services)
    {
        if (service.ImplementationType != null)
        {
            // 判断服务是否是泛型
            var serviceTypeInfo = service.ServiceType.GetTypeInfo();
            if (serviceTypeInfo.IsGenericTypeDefinition)
            {
                builder
                    .RegisterGeneric(service.ImplementationType)
                    .As(service.ServiceType)
                    .ConfigureLifecycle(service.Lifetime)
                    .ConfigureAbpConventions(moduleContainer, registrationActionList);
            }
            else
            {
                builder
                    .RegisterType(service.ImplementationType)
                    .As(service.ServiceType)
                    .ConfigureLifecycle(service.Lifetime)
                    .ConfigureAbpConventions(moduleContainer, registrationActionList);
            }
        }
        // 其余实现
        ......
    }
}

ConfigureAbpConventions函数源码:

public static IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> ConfigureAbpConventions<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle>(
    this IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> registrationBuilder, 
    IModuleContainer moduleContainer, 
    ServiceRegistrationActionList registrationActionList)
where TActivatorData : ReflectionActivatorData
{
    // 其余实现
    .....
    
    // 这里就是调用OnRegistred函数里面的Action委托
    registrationBuilder = registrationBuilder.InvokeRegistrationActions(registrationActionList, serviceType, implementationType);

    return registrationBuilder;
}

InvokeRegistrationActions函数源码:

private static IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> InvokeRegistrationActions<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle>(this IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> registrationBuilder, ServiceRegistrationActionList registrationActionList, Type serviceType, Type implementationType) 
    where TActivatorData : ReflectionActivatorData
{
    var serviceRegistredArgs = new OnServiceRegistredContext(serviceType, implementationType);

    foreach (var registrationAction in registrationActionList)
    {
        // 调用OnRegistred函数里面的Action委托,注入拦截器
        registrationAction.Invoke(serviceRegistredArgs);
    }

    //如果有拦截器
    if (serviceRegistredArgs.Interceptors.Any())
    {
        // 在某个服务类型(ServiceType)类上注册拦截器
        registrationBuilder = registrationBuilder.AddInterceptors(
            serviceType,
            serviceRegistredArgs.Interceptors
        );
    }

    return registrationBuilder;
}

AddInterceptors函数源码:

private static IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> AddInterceptors<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle>(
    this IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, TActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle> registrationBuilder, 
    Type serviceType,
    IEnumerable<Type> interceptors)
    where TActivatorData : ReflectionActivatorData
    {
        // 启用拦截器
        // 如果是接口类型,那么动态创建一个接口代理
        // 否则 创建一个目标类的子类代理类,这里需要注意的是只会拦截虚方法,重写方法
        if (serviceType.IsInterface)
        {
            registrationBuilder = registrationBuilder.EnableInterfaceInterceptors();
        }
        else
        {
            (registrationBuilder as IRegistrationBuilder<TLimit, ConcreteReflectionActivatorData, TRegistrationStyle>)?.EnableClassInterceptors();
        }
    
        foreach (var interceptor in interceptors)
        {
            // 动态注入拦截器,指定拦截器类型为传入的拦截器
            registrationBuilder.InterceptedBy(
               typeof(CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter<>).MakeGenericType(interceptor)
            );
        }
    
        return registrationBuilder;
    }

CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter是Castle.Core库通过适配器来定义了一个标准、针对IAbpInterceptor的实现。源码:

// 泛型拦截器为 基于AbpIterceptor的拦截器类型
public class CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter<TInterceptor> : IInterceptor
    where TInterceptor : IAbpInterceptor
{
    private static readonly MethodInfo MethodExecuteWithoutReturnValueAsync =
        typeof(CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter<TInterceptor>)
            .GetMethod(
                nameof(ExecuteWithoutReturnValueAsync),
                BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Instance
            );

    private static readonly MethodInfo MethodExecuteWithReturnValueAsync =
        typeof(CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter<TInterceptor>)
            .GetMethod(
                nameof(ExecuteWithReturnValueAsync),
                BindingFlags.NonPublic | BindingFlags.Instance
            );

    // 这里的TInterceptor就是在InterceptedBy方法那里传入的拦截器类型
    // 也就是我们基于AbpInterceptor抽象类创建的拦截器
    private readonly TInterceptor _abpInterceptor;

    public CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter(TInterceptor abpInterceptor)
    {
        _abpInterceptor = abpInterceptor;
    }
    
    // 其余代码
}

IAbpMethodInvocation接口封装了被拦截方法调用时的各种参数,例如,被拦截方法在调用时所传递的参数,返回值类型,方法定义等。Castle.Core库通过适配器来定义了一个标准、针对IAbpMethodInvocation的实现。源码:

public class CastleAbpMethodInvocationAdapter : IAbpMethodInvocation
{
    public object[] Arguments => Invocation.Arguments;

    public IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object> ArgumentsDictionary => _lazyArgumentsDictionary.Value;
    private readonly Lazy<IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object>> _lazyArgumentsDictionary;

    public Type[] GenericArguments => Invocation.GenericArguments;

    public object TargetObject => Invocation.InvocationTarget ?? Invocation.MethodInvocationTarget;

    public MethodInfo Method => Invocation.MethodInvocationTarget ?? Invocation.Method;

    public object ReturnValue
    {
        get => _actualReturnValue ?? Invocation.ReturnValue;
        set => Invocation.ReturnValue = value;
    }

    private object _actualReturnValue;

    protected IInvocation Invocation { get; }
    protected IInvocationProceedInfo ProceedInfo { get; }

    public CastleAbpMethodInvocationAdapter(IInvocation invocation, IInvocationProceedInfo proceedInfo)
    {
        Invocation = invocation;
        ProceedInfo = proceedInfo;

        _lazyArgumentsDictionary = new Lazy<IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object>>(GetArgumentsDictionary);
    }

    // 内部调用 Castle.DynamicProxy
    public void Proceed()
    {
        // 省略实现
    }

    public Task ProceedAsync()
    {
        // 省略实现
    }

    private IReadOnlyDictionary<string, object> GetArgumentsDictionary()
    {
        // 省略实现
    }
}

CastleAbpMethodInvocationAdapter适配器的调用处在CastleAbpInterceptorAdapter适配器类的Intercept函数:

// 调用自定义、基于AbpInterceptor的拦截器
private void InterceptSyncMethod(IInvocation invocation, IInvocationProceedInfo proceedInfo)
{
    _abpInterceptor.Intercept(new CastleAbpMethodInvocationAdapter(invocation, proceedInfo));
}

参考:[Abp vNext 源码分析] - 3. 依赖注入与拦截器

6. abp中的拦截器

全文结束